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In Vitro Fertilization, Explained

IVF remains one of the most talked about fertility solutions — but what does it involve, and what, really, are the chances of success?

In the natural course of things, fertilization happens when a sperm fertilizes an egg in the mother’s womb. If timed properly, after a long journey to the egg which whittles down the number of sperm from an average of 100 million sperm to about 200, one sperm will penetrate the egg’s protective encasing and fertilize it. After nine months, a healthy baby is born and the beauty of raising your family begins.

However, there are many variables that can affect our ability to get pregnant and successfully deliver a child. If you find yourself struggling in the first stage of getting pregnant, know that you’re not alone. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that over 186 million individuals struggle with fertility, so if you’ve been trying to conceive naturally and struggling, treat yourself with patience and kindness. [1]

One of the stages that can prompt the most frustration for individuals or couples trying to conceive is the first stage: fertilization.

Fortunately, this has also been one of the most studied areas of fertility sciences since the 1970s. Since then, decades of research have culminated in the creation of one of the most effective and widely used fertility treatments to dat